Sitio en español

Tip Sheets

Dealing with Distraction

It can be hard to keep the attention of young children. If you find that children aren’t paying attention, here are three areas you can check.

Plan for variety in activities.

  • Do you offer only activities that are highly structured and teacher directed? Does an adult always think up the activities? If so, children may lose interest and become distracted. Build in activities that grow from the children’s interests.
  • Do you ask children to do the activities at the same time and in the same way? Be sure activities are appropriate for the children’s ages and abilities. Allow more choices. Limit the amount of time you expect all children to do activities in a large group.
  • Do children get enough time outdoors? Research suggests that spending time in nature may reduce symptoms of attention deficit disorder.

Arrange the learning environment.

  • Do you have interesting materials for the children to use? Brainstorm with them about the different kinds of materials they might use to explore art, literacy, building, and pretend and active play. Have enough materials on hand so that children don’t have to wait long for their turn.
  • Do you rotate the most interesting items? You may want to keep some toys and books out of sight for a week or two and then bring them out again. Changing the items available for free play keeps children interested.
  • Is your room well arranged? Create learning centers for writing, art, science, math, and dramatic play. Try to avoid creating distractions, such as reading stories next to where snacks are being prepared or doing an activity that requires concentration in an area (dramatic play) that encourages conversation.
  • Do you prompt children to stay on task? Children will not always be able to do activities that are their first choice. A gentle reminder can help keep a child focused on the story you’re reading, on waiting his turn, or on the game you’re playing: “I know this book was not your first choice. I hope the next one will be. Please listen to this story now.” or “It’s Mahesh’s turn to talk right now. Your turn will be next.”

Avoid frequent and abrupt transitions.

  • Does your program schedule break the day into many small blocks of time? Children can better focus on a story or on other activities when they have big blocks of time and don’t feel rushed.
  • Do you often ask children to shift gears and make abrupt transitions? Frequent and abrupt transitions are a distraction for all of us! Let children know what to expect ahead of time. Give them jobs to do or songs to sing during transitions. These activities give them a focus and can help make transitions smoother.
June 2013

Resources

For more about learning environments and children's behavior, visit these Web sites:

Printer-friendly version

About this Tip Sheet

Search for more Tip Sheets

Disclaimer

The opinions, resources, and referrals provided on the IEL Web site are intended for informational purposes only and are not intended to take the place of medical or legal advice, or of other appropriate services. We encourage you to seek direct local assistance from a qualified professional if necessary before taking action.

The content of the IEL Web site does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Illinois Early Learning Project, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, or the Illinois State Board of Education; nor does the mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the Illinois Early Learning Project, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, or the Illinois State Board of Education.

About IEL

The Illinois Early Learning Project Web site is a source of evidence-based, reliable information on early care and education for parents, caregivers, and teachers of young children in Illinois.

Email: iel@illinois.edu
Fax: 217-244-7732
Toll free: (877) 275-3227
View additional contact information.

Languages

View available Tip Sheets in:

You can also view the IEL website in Spanish (español).

Featured Sites

IECAM EI Clearinghouse IL Parents

University of IllinoisUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
College of Education
Early Childhood and Parenting Collaborative

Funded by the Illinois State Board of Education ©2002-2014 Illinois Early Learning Project

Top