Children ages 3-5 are learning that anything they count needs a “number name” (one block, two blocks) and that the list of number names has a set order (1-2-3-4). They may know that numbers stand for certain quantities. They notice that amounts change when things are added or removed. Here are some ways you can help preschool children learn about numbers. (See Illinois Early Learning and Development Benchmarks 6.A.ECa Count with understanding and recognize “how many” in small sets up to 5., 6.A.ECb Use subitizing (the rapid and accurate judgment of how many items there are without counting) to identify the number of objects in sets of 4 or less., 6.A.ECc Understand and appropriately use informal or everyday terms that mean zero, such as “none” or “nothing”., 6.A.ECd Connect numbers to quantities they represent using physical models and informal representations., 6.B.ECb Show understanding of how to count out and construct sets of objects of a given number up to 5.View sample lesson plan, 6.C.ECa Estimate number of objects in a small set., 6.D.ECa Compare two collections to see if they are equal or determine which is more, using a procedure of the child’s choice., and 10.B.ECa Organize, represent, and analyze information using concrete objects, pictures, and graphs, with teacher support. View sample lesson plan View module for activities.)
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