Phonological Awareness in Young Children

About this resource
Reviewed: 2017

IEL Resource(s)

Online Resource(s)

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness
This article from the Reading Rocket website describes difficulties in phonological awareness from three perspectives: the child, the parent, and the teacher. It also offers strategies that each can use to deal with and address the issues..

Tips for Teaching: Phonological Awareness
This handout from Reading A to Z provides teachers with activities that will help young children to develop phonological awareness, including rhyming, categorizing sounds, blending and segmenting syllables, and manipulating sounds.

Phonological Awareness: What It Is and How It Works
Phonological awareness is a skill that allows kids to recognize and work with the sounds of spoken language. This article provides information about how you can help your child strengthen phonological skills.

Ask & Answer: Phonological Awareness
This module helps to answer the questions: What is phonological awareness? Why is it important? How should it be taught? How can families support phonological awareness development?


Reading Rockets
Reading Rockets is a national multimedia project that offers a wealth of research-based reading strategies, lessons, and activities designed to help young children learn how to read and read better.

Additional Resource(s)

Early Childhood Literacy: The National Early Literacy Panel and Beyond
Timothy Shanahan and Christopher J. Lonigan (Editors)
Paul H. Brookes, 2013

Early Reading Instruction & Intervention: A Sourcebook for PreK-2
Cindy Middendorf
Scholastic Teaching Resources, 2013

Before They Read: Teaching Language and Literacy Development through Conversations, Interactive Read-Alouds, and Listening Games
Cathy Puett Miller
Maupin House, 2013

Promoting Early Reading: Research, Resources, and Best Practices
Michael C. McKenna, Sharon Walpole, and Kristin Conradi (Editors)
Guilford Press, 2010

Sounds Like Fun: Activities for Developing Phonological Awareness
Cecile Cyrul Spector.
Paul H. Brookes, 2009

More Than Just Storybooks: Promoting Emergent Literacy Skills in the Home
Michelle M. Neumann & David L. Neumann
Childhood Education, 2009

Contributions of Emergent Literacy Skills to Name Writing, Letter Writing, and Spelling in Preschool Children
Cynthia S. Puranik, Christopher J. Lonigan, and Young-Suk Kim
Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2011

Successful Phonological Awareness Instruction With Preschool Children: Lessons From the Classroom
Beth Phillips, Jeanine Clancy-Menchetti, & Christopher J. Lonigan
Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 2008