Playing with snow can be an important winter-time experience for preschoolers. When children play with snow, they can strengthen their fine- and gross-motor skills. They can also apply basic principles of art, science, and engineering. (See Illinois Early Learning and Development Benchmarks 11.A.ECa, 11.A.ECc, 11.A.ECf, 12.E.ECa, 12.F.ECa, and 19.A.ECa.)
Help children to study snow as they play.
- Remind families to send children with warm clothing to allow outdoor snow play. Keep extra “winter work clothes” (mittens, snow pants, and boots) on hand for children who come to school without those items.
- Encourage safety and respect for others’ work by inviting children to help make rules for using snow on the playground.
- Ask questions that invite children to investigate: “Which do you think is heavier—this bucket of snow or that bucket of water?” “Where is the snow deepest on the playground? Where does it melt first?”
- Bring snow indoors for some experiments. For example, how long does it take for a snowball to melt on the playground? In the refrigerator? In the classroom?
Encourage children to build with snow.
- Introduce words such as pack, freeze, melt, and snowdrift. Show the class photographs of snowflakes and natural snow formations. Share nonfiction books, magazines, Web sites, and videos about ways that people have used snow to make structures or art.
- Let children plan structures or designs that they want to create with snow. How much space will they need? How will they shape and pack the snow? Do they want to include other items, such as sticks, sand, or ice?
- Provide sturdy buckets and shovels. Add shallow bins or pans for making bricks or blocks of snow. Some children may enjoy using yardsticks to measure snow depth.
- Throughout the winter, help children notice and describe different types of snow—dry, wet, slushy, etc. Ask them to compare what it’s like to make structures or designs with each type of snow.
Talk about snow with the children.
- During class meetings, invite children to report on their play with snow. Ask challenging questions: “How do you know that something is snow and not ice?” “What are some things you notice about snowflakes when you catch them on your gloves?”
- Let children create models of their snow structures and designs with air-drying modeling compound. Display the models along with children’s comments about their snow creations.
About this resource
- Preschool Program
- Teachers / Service providers
Age Levels (the age of the children to whom the article applies):
- Preschoolers (Age 3 Through Age 5)
Related Illinois Early Learning and Development Standards:
- Goal 1
- Goal 11
- Goal 12
- Goal 19
- Goal 25
- Goal 7
- Language Arts
- Physical Development and Health
- Standard 1.A
- Standard 1.E
- Standard 11.A
- Standard 12.D
- Standard 12.E
- Standard 12.F
- Standard 19.A
- Standard 25.A
- Standard 7.A
- The Arts