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child on climbing toy

About this video

This video takes place in the gross motor room of a university laboratory child care and preschool. This room is used for gross-motor activities by all classrooms in the center during inclement weather. Max (21 months) is trying to get up the climber, and the teacher helps him get to the top.



Note: There is a lot of background noise in this video.

Max is climbing up the side of an indoor climber.

Teacher: You have to put your hands up. (She walks over to assist him.) Up here. Put your hand here.

The teacher supports Max from behind and shows him where he needs to put his hands to successfully climb up.

Teacher: Put your hand up there. Put your hand here.

Max successfully climbs up and into the climber.

Teacher: Yeah, Max.

Illinois Early Learning Guidelines for Children Birth to Age Three and strategies that caregivers used

Developmental Domain 2: Physical Development & Health
Gross Motor
Children demonstrate strength, coordination, and controlled use of large muscles.

  • Strategies for interaction (16-24 months): Create safe places for the child to climb; remain with the child in order to prevent falling and injury
  • Action: The center provided a safe climbing structure, and the teacher carefully guided Max up the structure by giving him detailed directions and catching him—when needed—so he wouldn’t fall.

Developmental Domain 3: Language Development, Communication, & Literacy
Receptive Communication
Children demonstrate the ability to comprehend both verbal and nonverbal communication.

  • Strategies for interaction (16-24 months): Engage in movement activities that have the child follow directions
  • Action: To ensure his safety, the teacher gave directions and guided Max’s movements when needed.

Developmental Domain 4: Cognitive Development
Safety & Well-Being
Children demonstrate the emerging ability to recognize risky situations and respond accordingly.

  • Strategies for interaction (16-24 months): Provide a safe, child-proof environment, while providing constant supervision
  • Action: The center provided a safe climbing structure, and the teacher was always on hand to supervise Max’s efforts.

Approaches to Learning
Confidence & Risk-Taking
Children demonstrate a willingness to participate in new experiences and confidently engage in risktaking.

  • Strategies for interaction (16-24 months): Remain available for the child during play; use reassuring cues to encourage the child to explore
  • Action: The teacher stood by as Max tried to climb and reassured him that he wouldn’t fall by keeping her hand under him as he went up.

Approaches to Learning
Persistence, Effort, & Attentiveness
Children demonstrate the ability to remain engaged in experiences and develop a sense of purpose and follow-through.

  • Strategies for interaction (16-24 months): Offer support and guidance if the child becomes frustrated when playing
  • Action: The teacher slightly held Max up to reassure him that he wouldn’t fall and then showed him how he had to move his hands up to the next level to get to the top. She celebrated with him when he reached the top.

About this resource

Setting(s) for which the article is intended:
  • Home
  • Family Child Care
  • Child Care Center

Intended audience(s):
  • Parents / Family
  • Teachers / Service providers
  • Faculty / Trainer

Age Levels (the age of the children to whom the article applies):
Related IEL Birth to Three Guidelines:
Reviewed: 2017