Norma: Uh oh!
In this video, we see Mario and his mother, Norma, as they play in a playroom at a local community center. Norma shows Mario different ways to use the toys. When Mario bangs the toys together, Norma encourages his inventiveness by commenting on the creative ways Mario uses the toys to make noise.
Illinois Early Learning Guidelines for Children Birth to Age Three & How They Were Met
Developmental Domain 1: Social & Emotional Development
Relationship with Adults
Children demonstrate the desire and develop the ability to engage, interact, and build relationships with familiar adults. Indicators for children (7–18 months)
- Engages with adults during play, e.g., bangs on a toy drum and repeats action after an adult completes the same action
- Uses key adults as a “secure base” when exploring the environment
Mario uses Norma as a secure base while he explores the balls. She speaks to him and shows him how to bang the balls together. Mario engages in a back-and-forth interaction by imitating her actions and attempts to repeat sounds.
Developmental Domain 2: Physical Development & Health
Children demonstrate the ability to coordinate their small muscles in order to move and control objects. Indicators for children (7–18 months)
- Picks up objects
- Uses hands in a purposeful manner, e.g., turns the pages of a board book, drops objects into a bucket
Mario reaches for the balls from Norma’s hands and picks toys up off the floor. He grasps the balls, moves them from one hand and to another, and bangs the balls together purposefully to make noise.
Developmental Domain 4: Cognitive Development
Children demonstrate an awareness of how objects and people move and fit in space. Indicators for children (7–18 months)
- Drops objects such as toys and watches them move
- Discriminates between small and large objects, e.g., uses one hand or two hands in a variety of ways
Mario begins to understand how objects move through space as he manipulates the balls. He uses one hand to hold and transfer a ball and then uses two hands to bang balls together.
Approaches to Learning
Creativity, Inventiveness, & Imagination
Children demonstrate the ability to use creativity, inventiveness, and imagination to increase their understanding and knowledge of the world. Indicators for children (7–18 months)
- Spends increasing amounts of time exploring and learning about objects, e.g., will attend to a new toy for longer periods of time in order to make sense of it
- Begins to use objects in new and unexpected ways, e.g., places a basket on head
Mario watches as Norma imitates how to bang the balls together. He also imitated Norma’s actions to make noise by banging the balls together. This is a new use for the balls that differs from the usual throwing, rolling, or catching that is expected when playing with a ball.