Adjusting Pace and Location of Project Work

I recently had the privilege of observing a project from beginning to end in a mixed-age preschool classroom in a child care center. I was not able to be there every day, but I was able to observe there two or three mornings per week over a period of three months. This project took place at the beginning of the school year, so quite a few older children had recently left the class to attend kindergarten, and several young 3-year-olds had moved up from the 2-year-old room. I was curious to see how the teacher would help these younger 3-year-olds participate in project work, and I came away with helpful strategies related to the pacing and location of project work in this situation.

It typically takes a week or so to go through Phase I of a project with a group of older 4-year-olds, but in this case the teacher wisely invested a great deal of time and energy in helping the younger children who were new to the room learn to manage their emotions, social interactions, and routines. Therefore, it took longer to move into the investigation. Phase II of the project began almost three weeks after the opening event, and that was fine. The pace fit the children in the class, not the other way around.

Another helpful strategy this teacher used was informal floor work with small groups. Videos about project work often feature whole group discussions. However, this can be very difficult for 3-year-olds, especially at the beginning of the year. In this situation, the teacher positioned herself on the floor during choice time, and she invited children who were interested to join her for project-related activities such as webbing, listing questions, or creating representations. Working in these smaller groups allowed her to listen carefully to children, scaffold for them, and pair them with more experienced role models. She adjusted the project work to fit the children in the class, not the other way around.

By adjusting the pace and location of the project work to the developmental levels and experience of the children, teachers can begin to engage them in project work soon after they join the class, even at the beginning of the school year. Mixed-age groups also can be very helpful because more experienced children can model participation in project work.

Related IEL Resources

Sallee Beneke Sallee Beneke

An experienced implementer of the Project Approach with young children, Sallee enjoys helping others learn to implement the approach. Ms. Beneke is the author of Rearview Mirror: Reflections on a Preschool Car Project, coauthor of Windows on Learning: Documenting Young Children’s Work, Second Edition, and coeditor of The Power of Projects: Meeting Contemporary Challenges in Early Childhood Classrooms—Strategies & Solutions, as well as several articles related to the Project Approach and documentation. Currently an associate professor at St. Ambrose University, Sallee is interested in the potential of the Project Approach to support the inclusion of diverse learners in prekindergarten classrooms.
(Biography current as of 2018)

About this resource

Setting(s) for which the article is intended:
  • Child Care Center
  • Family Child Care
  • Kindergarten
  • Preschool Program

Intended audience(s):
  • Faculty / Trainer
  • Teachers / Service providers

Age Levels (the age of the children to whom the article applies):
  • Preschoolers (Age 3 Through Age 5)

Revised: 2018