Autism: Be Aware of the Signs

About this resource
Reviewed: 2017

Each child is unique. Infants reach such milestones as waving bye-bye or smiling in response to a smile at different ages. One child says several words at 12 months while another talks at 18 months. However, consider screening for a child who seems to be much later than others his age in reaching developmental milestones. Remember autism is only one possible reason for delays. Discuss any concerns with a doctor so the child can be screened. A child who is identified with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can begin getting special help. This may limit the symptoms and help the child lead a fuller life.

What are autism spectrum disorders?

ASDs are developmental disabilities that can cause social, language, and behavior problems. The symptoms and severity of ASDs vary greatly. This can make it hard to define or diagnose them. Be more concerned if your child has more than one sign or symptom.

What are some common physical development symptoms? Be aware if your child …

  • reaches milestones such as rolling over, sitting, pulling up, or walking later than most children
  • has trouble with fine motor skills, such as holding a spoon or picking up a small toy

What are some common social skill symptoms? Be concerned if a child …

  • does not respond to a smile or to her name
  • does not point at objects to show interest
  • has poor eye contact
  • resists cuddling
  • seems uninterested in adults or other children and prefers to play alone

What are some common language symptoms? A child with an ASD …

  • may not talk before age 2
  • may say some words early then lose the ability to do so
  • may repeat words or phrases without using them meaningfully

What are some common behavior symptoms? Children with ASDs may …

  • move constantly
  • repeat movements, such as spinning or flapping hands
  • focus for long periods of time on one object or part of an object
  • object to any changes in routines
  • have intense temper tantrums
  • show unusual sensitivity to light, sound, and touch
  • not engage in pretend play, such as driving a car or feeding a doll
Related IEL Resources

IEL Resource List:  Handling Challenging Behaviors in Child Care and at Home: Autism

Related Web Resources