Home icon


child playing with a toy

About this Video

Peekaboo is a game that many caregivers, infants, and toddlers play together. In this video, we see 10-month-old Mario and his mother, Norma, as she encourages him to explore toys in the playroom of a community center. Norma covers a toy with a purple scarf and captures Mario’s attention. When Mario uncovers the toy, Norma excitedly says “bravo!” After uncovering the toy, Norma initiates a game of peekaboo by covering Mario’s face with the scarf, and we see him continue the game of peekaboo as he covers and uncovers his face multiple times.


Note: The dialog is in Spanish, but captions and a transcript are available in English..


Mother: There it is.


Oh, ohhh.


Bravo, here it is.

¿Your head?

How does your head feel?

Oh, no, boo!


Oh, no.

He’s not sure about that.

He’s not sure about that.


Oooh, head, head, head.

Uh oh.





Head, head, head.


Oooh, where is it?

Oh, it’s, here it is—

Illinois Early Learning Guidelines for Children Birth to Age Three and How They Were Met

Developmental Domain 2: Physical Development & Health
Fine Motor
Children demonstrate the ability to coordinate their small muscles in order to move and control objects.

  • Indicators for children (7–18 months): Uses hands in a purposeful manner, e.g., turns the pages of a board book, drops objects into a bucket
  • Action: Mario uses both hands to pull the scarf off the toy he was using and off his face so he could see again.

Developmental Domain 3: Language Development, Communication, & Literacy
Social Communication
Children demonstrate the ability to engage with and maintain communication with others.

  • Indicators for children (7–18 months):
    • Uses facial expressions, vocalizations, and gestures to initiate interactions with others
    • Participates in simple back-and-forth communication, using words and/or gestures
  • Action: Mario smiles as he plays peekaboo with the scarf, which encourages Norma to keep playing. Mario communicates his enjoyment through smiling and reaching for the scarf in a back-and-forth interaction with his mother.

Developmental Domain 4: Cognitive Development
Concept Development
Children demonstrate the ability to connect pieces of information in understanding objects, ideas, and relationships.

  • Indicators for children (7–18 months): Develops object permanence, aware that an object still exists even when it is not physically visible, e.g., pulls the blanket off the pacifier, cries when caregiver leaves the room
  • Action: When Norma puts the scarf over the toy Mario is playing with, he removes the scarf by pulling it off with both hands, demonstrating that he knows the toy is still under the scarf.

Approaches to Learning
Curiosity & Initiative
Children demonstrate interest and eagerness in learning about their world.

  • Indicators for children (7–18 months):
    • Demonstrates an interest in new objects by manipulating and turning the object
    • Uses familiar objects in new ways, e.g., places a toy basket on head
  • Action: Mario enjoys playing with the scarf in a new way with his mother. He also demonstrates his interest in the scarf by reaching for it and smiling.

About this resource

Setting(s) for which the article is intended:
  • Home
  • Family Child Care
  • Child Care Center

Intended audience(s):
  • Parents / Family
  • Teachers / Service providers
  • Faculty / Trainer

Age Levels (the age of the children to whom the article applies):
Related IEL Birth to Three Guidelines:
Reviewed: 2019