Young children are developing their ability to express themselves through language. You can help your child build vocabulary and conversation skills by talking together.
- Talk about your daily routine
Say, “Let’s think of all the things we will do today. First, we will eat breakfast. Next, we will put on our coats, and then we will walk to the bus stop.” Encourage your child to tell you what will happen first, second, and third.
- Encourage descriptions
Look around and encourage your child to describe the things he sees. Say, “Tell me about the pictures on that store window,” or “Tell me about the sounds of nature you hear. Do you hear the wind rustle or the birds chirping?”
- Read together
Encourage your child to describe pictures in books and magazines. Say, “Tell me what you see in the picture.” Repeat what your child says and expand on her ideas. Say, “Yes, I see the tiger in the picture, too! That tiger has orange and black stripes on her fur.”
- Build vocabulary
Expand your child’s knowledge of descriptive words. Say, “This apple is crunchy on my teeth and the skin is shiny,” or “The toothbrush bristles feel prickly on my tongue.”
- Tip Sheets:
- Video: One Morning at the Construction Table
Activities to Encourage Speech and Language Development
Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)
This article provides ways to help your child learn to understand and use words.
How Does Your Child Hear and Talk?
(also in Spanish)Source: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)
Every child is unique, but it can be helpful to consider the age at which most children accomplish certain speech skills. This provides information about typical speech development from birth to age 5.